The Four Different Types Of Maps

Maps are one of the most basic tools of navigation. It has been around for many centuries, if not millennia, and is deeply rooted with human society and progression. In fact, it can be safe to say that map making is one of the qualities/abilities of the early humans that had made them stand out from the other creatures. It is this ability to create maps and illustrate directions that showcase the intelligence of human beings.

Maps are very useful and throughout the years that they have existed, they had become an asset and had even played a great role in the progression of humankind. But it should be noted that as people progressed, so did maps. Maps have evolved from cave drawings to stone tablets and paper. Now that the world is digitalized, so are maps.

There are many different types of maps and what makes them special is that each type offers a different function. Here are the four different types of maps and their uses.

  1. General Reference. True to its name, a general reference is meant for just that: general reference. This type of map would contain the names of cities and towns along with natural resources and features like lakes. Map illustrations for general reference maps have made them the ideal choice for traveling around and touring.
  2. Topographical Maps. What makes topographical maps special is that map illustrations would include detailed elevation and making good use of contour lines to map the landscape. With topographical maps, you would be able to find a variety of different types.
  3. Thematic Maps. Now this type of map is quite complex from the other type because it does not attempt to map out the area and instead, they are designed to showcase information regarding specific topics. This could either be information regarding the population density or even the weather. There also thematic maps that just show and track the location of whales.
  4. Navigational Charts. Map illustrations for navigational charts are perfect for those who are traveling by air or by sea. This type of map is useful as it also includes the different routes to take to avoid accidents and other navigational aids.